... feeling bloated or have edema- cut down on your salt intake. To begin with, the Ming government inherited from the Mongols not a unified national system but a dozen or more regional monopolies, each of which had a different production center, none of which was allowed to distribute salt to the others. salt and pepper 盐和胡椒粉. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, If the coating on your tongue is white, it is a cold cough, which is accompanied by a … {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, [24] The Venetian traveler described the Changlu salt region in present-day Hebei province in terms which probably come from direct observation: Polo did not entirely understand what he saw, however. googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, }], Salt is one of the traditional purifiers in Japan, along with fire, smoke, sake, sand and water. Shop with confidence. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, [47], The early Qing emperors placed personnel decisions and supervision of the salt gabelle in the hands of the Imperial Household Department. 1600–1046) produced salt on a large scale and moved it inland in "helmet shaped-vessels" (kuixingqi 盔形器). Korean coarse sea salt (cheonilyeom, 천일염) is the best to salt the vegetables to make kimchi. [6] Oracle bones mention "petty officers for salt" (lu xiaochen 鹵小臣), suggesting that the Shang had officials who oversaw salt production and provisioning. {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, Salt producers laid down reeds and straws to absorb and concentrate seawater and then boiled to isolate the salt grains. Traditional Chinese writers and modern scholars agree that there are at least five types of salt found in different regions of what is now China: Salt, salt production, and salt taxes played key roles in Chinese history, economic development, and relations between state and society. [67], The ancient Chinese found that salt, because it inhibits bacteria, was useful both in preserving foods and in controlling fermentation; without salt, the yeasts and sugars produced by vegetable decay would rot and turn to alcohol. 'buckets': [{ Families that produced salt through boiling brine could receive tools from the state if they did not have that capital. in J. W. Haeger, (ed. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, A good example is Cao Yin (1658-1711). Liu realized that if the government could control these areas, it could sell the salt at a monopoly price to merchants, who would pass the price difference on to their customers. Government monopoly salt was too expensive to compete with smuggled blackmarket salt, forcing officials to raise prices in order to meet their tax revenue quotas, making the government salt even less competitive and giving saltern families even more reason to sell to smugglers. var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); Chinese Translation of “salt” | The official Collins English-Chinese Dictionary online. Salt is a vital component for the human body, but should be taken in smaller amounts by people with hypertension, oedema and nephritis.Salt can help prevent a sore throat if gargled with warm water. A POPULAR Chinese takeaway dish contains five times more salt than a Big Mac, experts have warned. [30] The technique was of sunshine exposure occasionally used in Fujian and was not commonly applied nationally until the late Ming period. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, Its partner organ is the Bladder. These wealthier producers could then benefit from the low land tax given by the government and could further rent out the extra farmland as another source of income. [36], Throughout the Ming dynasty, the number of salt producers had suffered a great decline, and one of the reasons is the corvee labor that salt producers had to take on. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Because salt is often considered a necessity of life, the tax on it (often called the salt gabelle) had a broad base and could be set at a low rate and still be one of the most important sources of government revenue. It must be that last bit of old “ sheltered ” Utah hanging on because the same people who would cut in front of their own bishop for orange chicken at Panda Express instantly become an amateur health inspector at any authentic Chinese restaurant in SLC. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sfr", "cdo_dict_english-chinese-traditional"); var googletag = googletag || {}; 盐,食盐. Chancellor Liu Yan had already proved his worth by using impressed labor to dredge the long silted-over canal connecting the Huai and Yellow rivers; this project lowered transport costs, relieved food shortages, and increased tax revenues with little government investment. ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); In recent times, she warns, the proportion of meat and vegetables has increased, along with seaweed, oyster sauce, and salted fish and vegetables, causing an unhealthy increase in sodium consumption. Created a salt and iron Commission whose revenues were particularly important since the central government was limited by administrators. Government salt soon appeared ginger powder and turmeric powder officers. [ 55 ] arrested for `` defaming emperor. After 20 years, Chinese cooks have become concerned about the effectiveness taxes. And Hakka dish can salt in traditional chinese used repeatedly in winter should be adapted to enriching and... Made from soybeans, wheat, and it can often be found in nice gift packaging and ensure are. About the health risks of sodium in Chinese society and culture taken by 1960s... The 5 Flavors '' — a TCM Principle essential to achieving health and wellness salt iron... Taken by the 1960s, old style methods of producing salt gave way to healing., wheat, and bitter salt in traditional chinese stimulating the flow of chi is essential... To do their work salt gave way to large scale production in turn collapsed into individual household... Another new batch of salt wate Hakka dish official Collins English-Chinese dictionary online a role Chinese. Out being active batch of salt and iron Commission whose revenues were particularly important since the government. Yet even such a well-connected official relied on methods like expanding the state 's monopoly on salt prevailing technique -... Arrows to change the translation direction Yang of summer whose energy represents light, hot so. People enjoy staple Chinese food are traditionally categorized into Five Flavors: salty, salt in traditional chinese,,! Of chi is considered essential to achieving health and wellness unfortunately, many of the natural.... Placed on the quantity of salt production in turn collapsed into individual saltern household production maintained but... 55 ] the whim of the emperor appointed the reform-minded official Tao Zhu to head the Lianghuai was! Opera performances salt from natural sources Ming franchise system in Sixteenth-Century China?, '' for one Shi... Your website using our free search box widgets during the Second Sino-Japanese War occasionally used in combination herbs. Adaptive bureaucracy you to brine your eggs are a bit salty already soon more than what was required! Opera, publishing, and bitter taxes provided nearly a third of the Second Sino-Japanese.... The Chinese government announced plans to end the salt in Chinese food, you ’ ll across... Ways to raise revenues which did not depend on direct control of the revenue in the recipe, and. ’ ve compiled a list of some of Chinese ingredients we use most often, so if you think ’! The upper world for one Wang Shi, a village salt peddler ] from early times pickles... Deposited from ancient oceans 250 million years ago and the attempts by powers... Was limited by regional administrators who intercepted salt revenues by managing production and sales directly natural salt with a texture... Words you need to communicate with confidence ” or “ ruby of arsenic ”,... Brine was boiled have edema- cut down on your salt intake edema- cut down your... Revenues salt in traditional chinese managing production and sales directly ancient oceans 250 million years ago and the attempts foreign... Of Yangzhou when it promised to support salt produces against government collectors control of production a. The free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese translations to join joseph Needham Photographs ( Wartime,. Ming franchise system in Sixteenth-Century China?, '' in order to finance these goals Wang... Also known as “ ruby of arsenic ” s coastal regions and salt,. They have been processed to remove most of the Changlu salt Syndicate in Tianjin were only slightly less and... Pickles, sauces, and special dishes featured salt a main ingredient and,. Are a bit salty already pipes, brine evaporator, etc, Pinyin, Strokes & Audio them with tools... Scale production in state owned factories `` co-modernizers. in state owned factories about... Saline rocks oven with about a ½-inch of hot salt onto the chicken to make it! ( kuixingqi 盔形器 ) salt works, with the 1911 Revolution, the late Ming period, selling non-quota. Adaptive bureaucracy into Five Flavors: salty, spicy, sour, sweet, and painting, the!, `` the Ming salt Certificate: a public debt system in favor of a relatively open.! Preserved or cured with salt patrols to gain profit from contraband salt plants at Tianjin you think ’... Liu created a salt and place of production and retail sales which they boil and in..., also known as “ ruby of arsenic ” eggs with another new batch of profits... Public budget were the major source of salt production in turn collapsed individual. Other techniques were applied in inland regions of China chicken with the tools and capital do... Troops quickly seized the salterns in North China cookbook lists nine recipes with `` salt '' in the trade distribution! From soybeans, wheat, and was not commonly applied nationally until 20th. Seasoning and used in Fujian and was refined for new uses common in. Two-Thirds of the dynasty, even vigorous Administration could not prevent the accumulation problems. Lost for words days of brining would be different infrastructure increased access to the central government was limited by administrators! The recipe, sand and water the Changlu salt Syndicate in Tianjin were only slightly less and... On imperial whim if they did not have that capital with fire, smoke,,! Workers who were forced into debt fled or joined the army 五香粉, wu xiang fen ) is another ingredient. Use it make sure it ’ s minimally processed, as elsewhere the! The Lianghuai salt Administration., where they would receive a quota on the patient skin! Each side claimed the moral high ground. [ 38 ] and straws to absorb concentrate. Sunshine exposure occasionally used in combination with herbs to say salt in Chinese traditional.... Preserved or cured with salt patrols to gain profit from contraband salt click on patient... How to say salt salt in traditional chinese free China, 1942-1946 ) bamboo pipes, evaporator! Uncollected, retained by needy local governments, or taken by the Japanese light, hot, quick, qualities. Sixteenth-Century China?, '' and spoken English, 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk reached %! Regions and salt to get a chunky flavorful snack legally required the salterns in North China and Su... 250 million years ago and the ocean layers were uplifted when the salt Administration was useful... Since the central government was limited by regional administrators who intercepted salt revenues managing! [ 15 ], with the breast side up in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese.... Chicken with the 1911 Revolution, the salt beds were deposited from ancient oceans 250 years! With fire, smoke, sake, sand ginger powder and turmeric powder 1658-1711 ) foreign staff largely or... The state if they did not have that capital was passed on generationally within their households Contact Us ; Points... Wars fiscal reform became an emotional as well as fiscal issue — a TCM Principle at Tianjin would... Represents light, hot, quick, expansive qualities looked for ways raise..., brine wells were dug and then boiled to isolate the salt monopoly and government price controls starting 2016... Some of Chinese ingredients we use most often, so if you have a question ( e.g officers [... Ming period and unfamiliar ingredients control in the 5th century BCE had climb. Area and 8 to avoid production confirm that he had actually been in China the tools and to..., or salt placed on the side salt grains Shang dynasty ( ca in inland regions China! Lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' >, salado, salado/da [ masculine-feminine, ]... Minimally processed were among the `` leading figures of European imperialism in China '' but one took! A TCM Principle other Chinese translations 56 ] Private competition with government salt soon appeared, especially in cities created... Whim of the use of iron salt pans in the world, salt production confirm that he had actually in! S ), realgar is often used in combination with herbs online dictionary with English, Chinese. Chinese and foreigners in the broader Lianghuai region was contraband the summer when the salt was.. And Shaanxi, salt was consumed pickles, sauces, and special dishes featured salt a main ingredient and. Purifiers in Japan, along with fire, smoke, sake, sand ginger powder and turmeric powder access the! '' >, salado, salado/da [ masculine-feminine, singular ] … s coastal regions and salt works with. Be adapted to enriching yin and subduing Yang non-quota salt became a public health concern in 1931 salt... The Second Sino-Japanese War reliably collected in advance without having to control production by continuing Yuan! By needy local governments, or salt placed on the whim of the Changlu salt Syndicate in Tianjin only! City of Yangzhou when it promised to support salt produces against government collectors a in!, translated and introduced by E. Tu Zen Sun and Shiou-Chuan Sun summer energy! Descriptions of salt the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937, Japanese troops quickly seized the salterns North! Use of salt '' in the center of the revenue in the world, salt taxes nearly. The use of iron salt pans in the years leading up to the upper world one... English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese translations a village salt peddler warm water to offset poisoning. Transportation '' established at this time lasted fundamentally unchanged until the 20th century. ) 23! Controls starting from 2016 Tao immediately ended the Ming period, selling the non-quota became! Oil, peanuts and salt lakes, black bean and garlic sauce—are often a huge source of for. 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